In the recent weeks, there has been a massive increase in the heated rhetoric used by President Bashir of Sudan, and Kiir of South Sudan. However, is the rhetoric deceiving? Hereward Holland reports that the as long as the profitability of oil is an option, neither side has an incentive to wage a war. Nevertheless, Sudan and South Sudan continue to wage constantly denied, hit and run proxy wars with different rebel groups on all sides of the border. Whether this develops into a complete war remains to be seen. For now, war is expensive and Bashir is broke, so continuing the flow of oil is an extreme disincentive to war.